INVOLVES THE APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES TO PRODUCE A WIDE VARIETY OF PRODUCTS. THE MAIN (BIO)TECHNOLOGIES USED ARE AND .
There is a wide variety of sectors of application:
- pharmaceutical sector;
- cosmetic and cosmeceutical products;
- agro-industrial sector and animal feed;
- textile and leather products sector;
- paper industry;
- mining sector, for mining minerals (copper, zinc, cobalt, etc.)
- chemical products (antibiotics, vitamins, biopolymers, enzymes, amino acids, etc.).
THE USE OF BIOTECHNOLOGIES MAY INVOLVE ONLY A FEW STEPS, OR RATHER THE WHOLE PRODUCTION PROCESS.
In the detergents sector, biotechnologies are not used so much in the production process as in the composition of the finished product, adding enzymes to improve its characteristics.
AN IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGIES IS THE PRODUCTION OF BIOFUELS, OF SIGNIFICANT INTEREST CONSIDERING THE PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH TODAY’S ENERGY REQUIREMENTS, AMONG WHICH:
- bioethanol and/or biobutanol obtained from the fermentation of sugary, starchy and wood-cellulose materials;
- biodiesel, from the de-esterification and methylation of vegetable and animal fats;
- biogas, from the fermentation of organic materials of animal or vegetable origin.
BIOREMEDIATION (OR BIODECONTAMINATION) IS USED TO TREAT AND DISPOSE OF POLLUTANTS IN THE EARTH, WATER AND AIR.
The advantages of using biotechnologies in industrial processes include:
- improvement of the product characteristics;
- increased productivity;
- energy savings;
- environmental protection.